The NAACP deployed an unprecedented amount of social science research in the Supreme Court hearing for the Brown vs Board of Education case, drawing heavily on the research of Dr Kenneth Brown and his wife Dr Mamie Brown. In order to overturn the Plessy vs Ferguson case from 1896, they needed to prove conclusively that separate education could not be made equal. Read the attached documents to learn more about the research that the NAACP submitted as evidence, especially the most famous â€œdoll testsâ€.
In the Brown vs Board of Education decision, the Supreme Court argued â€œâ€œTo separate [African-American children] from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone.â€ How did the Clark research influence their thinking? What aspects of the Clarkâ€™s research were the most important to overturning school segregation?