For the following research paper assignment, you have been asked to perform an evaluation of employee exposures at a small automobile parts manufacturing facility.

For the following research paper assignment, you have been asked to perform an evaluation of employee exposures at a small automobile parts manufacturing facility. The manufacturing processes include two metal presses, two machining stations, three welding stations, a small paint booth, and a shipping/receiving area. There are two employees working at each press, one person working at each machining station, one person working at each welding station, two people working in the paint booth, and four employees working in the shipping/receiving area.

One of the presses is a 2,000-ton press, and the other press is a 200-ton press. The 2,000-ton press is the greatest noise source for the facility. The machining area uses a metal working fluid. The safety data sheet (SDS) for the metal working fluid is attached here. All welding is performed on stainless steel. The painting booth uses a powder coating operation, but the employees use xylene and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) to clean the parts prior to the powder coating operation. At the end of the shift, one of the employees uses 1,3 butadiene to clean the nozzles for the paint booth. The facility uses two electric forklifts to move materials between the production area and the storage warehouse and between the warehouse and the shipping area. All employees work an 8-hour shift.

Wait Before you Leave! I have something for you.
I have this question in our website since we have worked on it and the student was happy after a good score.
Get it solved from our top experts within 8 hrs!
Place an Order

Part 1:

Using the information on anticipation and control we studied in the textbook, identify the hazards that are present in the facility. In your discussion, explain why you chose the hazards, and describe whether you believe the hazards to be actual hazards or potential hazards (which require further evaluation). Describe the specific location(s) at the facility where the hazards are located, and determine how many employees are potentially at risk in those areas.

Your response for Part 1 should be at least one page in length.

Get Assignment Writing Help

Our experts are ready to complete your assignment, course work. essay, test, dissertation, research paper, quiz

Get Started

Part 2:

Using the information on evaluation that we studied in the textbook, summarize how you would measure the personal exposures to the hazards that you identified in Part 1. Use the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) website (https://www.osha.gov/dts/sltc/methods/toc.html) or the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) website (http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-154/default.html) to select the specific sampling and analytical method that would work best to evaluate any chemical hazards you identified. Provide a summary of the sampling media you would use, include the sampling flow rate, discuss how long you would sample, and explain how you would calibrate the sampling train. Include a discussion about why you selected the specific sampling and analytical method.

Your response to Part 2 should be at least one page in length.
Part 3:
Access the attached sampling results here. For each set of results, perform the following actions:

Calculate the 8-hour time weighted average (TWA) exposure.
Compare the results to the appropriate OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL). Determine which results exceed an established OSHA PEL.

Write a one-page summary of the sampling results; document the exposures that exceeded an OSHA PEL, and identify those areas that you believe will require the application of controls to reduce risk. Include your calculations, include a list of the OSHA PELs you compared the results to, and explain how you decided that an exposure exceeded an OSHA PEL.

Part 4:

Using OSHA’s hierarchy of controls, recommend the control methods that you believe would be the most effective for reducing the risks associated with the exposures that exceeded the OSHA PEL above. Explain how you would implement the controls and how you would evaluate the effectiveness of the controls. Also, discuss any interim control methods you would recommend for the facility.

This section should be at least one page in length.

Include a reference page and in-text citations for all sources you used in this project, including your textbook, using proper APA format.

Safety Data Sheet

SECTION 1 PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

Product Use: Metal Working Fluid
Product Number(s): 233944, 233945, 233946Company Identification
AAA Products Company
a division of AAA U.S.A. Inc.
6001 Harvest Rd.
Anycity, CA 90000
United States of America

Transportation Emergency Response

CHEMTREC: (800) 555-9300 or (703) 555-3887
Health Emergency
AAA Emergency Information Center: Located in the USA. International collect calls accepted. (800)555-0623 or (510) 555-0623
Product Information
email : msds@aaa.com
Product Information: 1 (800) 555-3835, LUBET@aaa.com

SECTION 2 HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

CLASSIFICATION: Not classified as hazardous according to 29 CFR 1910.1200 (2012).

HAZARDS NOT OTHERWISE CLASSIFIED: Not ApplicableSECTION 3 COMPOSITION/ INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

_____________________________________________________________________

COMPONENTS

CAS NUMBER

AMOUNT

Highly refined mineral oil (C15 – C50)

Mixture

70 – 99 %weight

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

1 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

SECTION 4 FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
Eye: No specific first aid measures are required. As a precaution, remove contact lenses, if worn, and flush eyes with water.
Skin: No specific first aid measures are required. As a precaution, remove clothing and shoes if contaminated. To remove the material from skin, use soap and water. Discard contaminated clothing and shoes or thoroughly clean before reuse.
Ingestion: No specific first aid measures are required. Do not induce vomiting. As a precaution, get medical advice.
Inhalation: No specific first aid measures are required. If exposed to excessive levels of material in the air, move the exposed person to fresh air. Get medical attention if coughing or respiratory discomfort occurs.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
IMMEDIATE HEALTH EFFECTS
Eye: Not expected to cause prolonged or significant eye irritation.
Skin: Contact with the skin is not expected to cause prolonged or significant irritation. Contact with the skin is not expected to cause an allergic skin response. Not expected to be harmful to internal organs if absorbed through the skin.

Ingestion: Not expected to be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation: Not expected to be harmful if inhaled. Contains a petroleum-based mineral oil. May cause respiratory irritation or other pulmonary effects following prolonged or repeated inhalation of oil mist at airborne levels above the recommended mineral oil mist exposure limit. Symptoms of respiratory irritation may include coughing and difficulty breathing.

DELAYED OR OTHER HEALTH EFFECTS: Not classified
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed Not Applicable

SECTION 5 FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Use water fog, foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide (CO2) to extinguish flames.

PROTECTION OF FIRE FIGHTERS:
Fire Fighting Instructions: This material will burn although it is not easily ignited. See Section 7 for proper handling and storage. For fires involving this material, do not enter any enclosed or confined fire space without proper protective equipment, including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Combustion Products: Highly dependent on combustion conditions. A complex mixture of airborne solids, liquids, and gases including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and unidentified organic compounds will be evolved when this material undergoes combustion. Combustion may form oxides of: Sulfur.

SECTION 6 ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Protective Measures: Eliminate all sources of ignition in vicinity of spilled material.
Spill Management: Stop the source of the release if you can do it without risk. Contain release to prevent further contamination of soil, surface water or groundwater. Clean up spill as soon as possible, observing

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

2 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

precautions in Exposure Controls/Personal Protection. Use appropriate techniques such as applying non-combustible absorbent materials or pumping. Where feasible and appropriate, remove contaminated soil. Place contaminated materials in disposable containers and dispose of in a manner consistent with applicable regulations.
Reporting: Report spills to local authorities and/or the U.S. Coast Guard’s National Response Center at

(800) 555-8802 as appropriate or required.SECTION 7 HANDLING AND STORAGE

General Handling Information: Avoid contaminating soil or releasing this material into sewage and drainage systems and bodies of water.
Precautionary Measures: Do not breathe oil mist at concentrations above the recommended mineral oil mist exposure limit.

Static Hazard: Electrostatic charge may accumulate and create a hazardous condition when handling this material. To minimize this hazard, bonding and grounding may be necessary but may not, by themselves, be sufficient. Review all operations which have the potential of generating and accumulating an electrostatic charge and/or a flammable atmosphere (including tank and container filling, splash filling, tank cleaning, sampling, gauging, switch loading, filtering, mixing, agitation, and vacuum truck operations) and use appropriate mitigating procedures.

Container Warnings: Container is not designed to contain pressure. Do not use pressure to empty container or it may rupture with explosive force. Empty containers retain product residue (solid, liquid, and/or vapor) and can be dangerous. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose such containers to heat, flame, sparks, static electricity, or other sources of ignition. They may explode and cause injury or death. Empty containers should be completely drained, properly closed, and promptly returned to a drum reconditioner or disposed of properly.

SECTION 8 EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS:

Consider the potential hazards of this material (see Section 3), applicable exposure limits, job activities, and other substances in the work place when designing engineering controls and selecting personal protective equipment. If engineering controls or work practices are not adequate to prevent exposure to harmful levels of this material, the personal protective equipment listed below is recommended. The user should read and understand all instructions and limitations supplied with the equipment since protection is usually provided for a limited time or under certain circumstances.

ENGINEERING CONTROLS:

Use in a well-ventilated area.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Eye/Face Protection: No special eye protection is normally required. Where splashing is possible, wear safety glasses with side shields as a good safety practice.
Skin Protection: No special protective clothing is normally required. Where splashing is possible, select protective clothing depending on operations conducted, physical requirements and other substances in the workplace. Suggested materials for protective gloves include: 4H (PE/EVAL), Nitrile Rubber, Silver Shield, Viton.
Respiratory Protection: No respiratory protection is normally required.
If user operations generate an oil mist, determine if airborne concentrations are below the occupational exposure limit for mineral oil mist. If not, wear an approved respirator that provides adequate protection from the measured concentrations of this material. For air-purifying respirators use a particulate cartridge.

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

3 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

Use a positive pressure air-supplying respirator in circumstances where air-purifying respirators may not provide adequate protection.

Occupational Exposure Limits:

Consult local authorities for appropriate values.

SECTION 9 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Attention: the data below are typical values and do not constitute a specification.

Color: Colorless to yellowPhysical State: Liquid
Odor: Petroleum odor
Odor Threshold: No data availablepH: Not Applicable

Vapor Pressure: <0.01 mmHg Maximum @ 37.8 °C (100 °F)Vapor Density (Air = 1): >1 Minimum
Initial Boiling Point: 315°C (599°F) Minimum
Solubility: Soluble in hydrocarbons; insoluble in waterFreezing Point: Not Applicable

Melting Point: No data available
Specific Gravity: 0.86 – 0.88 @ 15.6°C (60.1°F) / 15.6°C (60.1°F)Density: 0.87 kg/l @ 15°C (59°F) (Typical)
Viscosity: 35.2 mm2/s @ 40°C (104°F) Minimum
Evaporation Rate: No data available
Decomposition temperature: No data available
Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient: No data available

FLAMMABLE PROPERTIES:
Flammability (solid, gas): No Data Available

Flashpoint: (ASTM D92) 180 °C (356 °F) Minimum
Autoignition: No data available
Flammability (Explosive) Limits (% by volume in air): Lower: Not Applicable Upper: Not Applicable

SECTION 10 STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: May react with strong acids or strong oxidizing agents, such as chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, etc.
Chemical Stability: This material is considered stable under normal ambient and anticipated storage and handling conditions of temperature and pressure.

Incompatibility With Other Materials: Not applicable
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Hydrogen Sulfide (Elevated temperatures)

_____________________________________________________________________

Component

Agency

TWA

STEL

Ceiling

Notation

Highly refined mineral oil (C15 – C50)

OSHA Z-1

5 mg/m3

Highly refined mineral oil (C15 – C50)

ACGIH

5 mg/m3

10 mg/m3

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

4 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

Hazardous Polymerization: Hazardous polymerization will not occur.SECTION 11 TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Serious Eye Damage/Irritation: The eye irritation hazard is based on evaluation of data for product components.

Skin Corrosion/Irritation: The skin irritation hazard is based on evaluation of data for product components.

Skin Sensitization: The skin sensitization hazard is based on evaluation of data for product components.Acute Dermal Toxicity: The acute dermal toxicity hazard is based on evaluation of data for product

components.
Acute Oral Toxicity: The acute oral toxicity hazard is based on evaluation of data for product components.

Acute Inhalation Toxicity: The acute inhalation toxicity hazard is based on evaluation of data for product components.
Acute Toxicity Estimate: Not Determined

Germ Cell Mutagenicity: The hazard evaluation is based on data for components or a similar material.

Carcinogenicity: The hazard evaluation is based on data for components or a similar material.

Reproductive Toxicity: The hazard evaluation is based on data for components or a similar material.

Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single Exposure: The hazard evaluation is based on data for components or a similar material.

Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated Exposure: The hazard evaluation is based on data for components or a similar material.

ADDITIONAL TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION:

This product contains petroleum base oils which may be refined by various processes including severe solvent extraction, severe hydrocracking, or severe hydrotreating. None of the oils requires a cancer warning under the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). These oils have not been listed in the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Annual Report nor have they been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as; carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A), or possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).

These oils have not been classified by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) as: confirmed human carcinogen (A1), suspected human carcinogen (A2), or confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans (A3).

SECTION 12 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

ECOTOXICITY

This material is not expected to be harmful to aquatic organisms.
The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from the properties of the individual

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

5 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

components.

MOBILITY

No data available.

PERSISTENCE AND DEGRADABILITY

This material is not expected to be readily biodegradable. The biodegradability of this material is based on an evaluation of data for the components or a similar material.
The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from the properties of the individual components.

POTENTIAL TO BIOACCUMULATE

Bioconcentration Factor: No data available. Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient: No data available

SECTION 13 DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Use material for its intended purpose or recycle if possible. Oil collection services are available for used oil recycling or disposal. Place contaminated materials in containers and dispose of in a manner consistent with applicable regulations. Contact your sales representative or local environmental or health authorities for approved disposal or recycling methods.

SECTION 14 TRANSPORT INFORMATION

The description shown may not apply to all shipping situations. Consult 49CFR, or appropriate Dangerous Goods Regulations, for additional description requirements (e.g., technical name) and mode-specific or quantity-specific shipping requirements.

DOT Shipping Description: NOT REGULATED AS A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL UNDER 49 CFRIMO/IMDG Shipping Description: NOT REGULATED AS DANGEROUS GOODS FOR TRANSPORT

UNDER THE IMDG CODE

ICAO/IATA Shipping Description: NOT REGULATED AS DANGEROUS GOODS FOR TRANSPORT UNDER ICAO

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC code:

Not applicable

SECTION 15 REGULATORY INFORMATION

EPCRA 311/312 CATEGORIES: 1. Immediate (Acute) Health Effects: NO 2. Delayed (Chronic) Health Effects: NO 3. Fire Hazard: NO 4. Sudden Release of Pressure Hazard: NO 5. Reactivity Hazard: NO

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

6 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

REGULATORY LISTS SEARCHED:01-1=IARC Group 1
01-2A=IARC Group 2A
01-2B=IARC Group 2B

02=NTP Carcinogen

03=EPCRA 313 04=CA Proposition 65 05=MA RTK
06=NJ RTK
07=PA RTK

No components of this material were found on the regulatory lists above.

CHEMICAL INVENTORIES:

All components comply with the following chemical inventory requirements: DSL (Canada), EINECS (European Union), IECSC (China), KECI (Korea), PICCS (Philippines), TSCA (United States).

One or more components does not comply with the following chemical inventory requirements: AICS (Australia), ENCS (Japan).

NEW JERSEY RTK CLASSIFICATION:

Under the New Jersey Right-to-Know Act L. 1983 Chapter 315 N.J.S.A. 34:5A-1 et. seq., the product is to be identified as follows: PETROLEUM OIL (Cutting oil)

SECTION 16 OTHER INFORMATION

NFPA RATINGS: Health: 0 Flammability: 1 Reactivity: 0

HMIS RATINGS: Health: 1 Flammability: 1 Reactivity: 0
(0-Least, 1-Slight, 2-Moderate, 3-High, 4-Extreme, PPE:- Personal Protection Equipment Index recommendation, *- Chronic Effect Indicator). These values are obtained using the guidelines or published evaluations prepared by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or the National Paint and Coating Association (for HMIS ratings).

LABEL RECOMMENDATION:

Label Category : METALWORKING FLUID 1 – MWF1

REVISION STATEMENT: This revision updates the following sections of this Safety Data Sheet: 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10,12,14,16
Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

ABBREVIATIONS THAT MAY HAVE BEEN USED IN THIS DOCUMENT:

TLV – Threshold Limit Value

TWA – Time Weighted Average

STEL – Short-term Exposure Limit

PEL – Permissible Exposure Limit

GHS – Globally Harmonized System

CAS – Chemical Abstract Service Number

ACGIH – American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists

IMO/IMDG – International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

API – American Petroleum Institute

SDS – Safety Data Sheet

HMIS – Hazardous Materials Information System

NFPA – National Fire Protection Association (USA)

DOT – Department of Transportation (USA)

NTP – National Toxicology Program (USA)

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

7 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer

OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration

NCEL – New Chemical Exposure Limit

EPA – Environmental Protection Agency

SCBA – Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

page8image3083705088page8image3083705360page8image3083705632

Prepared according to the 29 CFR 1910.1200 (2012) by Chevron Energy Technology Company, 6001 Bollinger Canyon Road San Ramon, CA 94583.

page8image3083717792page8image3083718064page8image3083718336

The above information is based on the data of which we are aware and is believed to be correct as of the date hereof. Since this information may be applied under conditions beyond our control and with which we may be unfamiliar and since data made available subsequent to the date hereof may suggest modifications of the information, we do not assume any responsibility for the results of its use. This information is furnished upon condition that the person receiving it shall make his own determination of the suitability of the material for his particular purpose.

_____________________________________________________________________

Revision Number: 12Revision Date: APRIL 20, 2015

8 of 8 Bright-Cut Metalworking Fluid AH, AM, NM

SDS : 7721

Laboratory Results for Unit VIII Research Paper

Employee

Position

Analyte

Sample Time

Sample Result

1

Machining

Mineral oil mist

480 minutes

1.1 mg/m3

2

Machining

Mineral oil mist

480 minutes

0.9 mg/m3

3

Welding Cleaning

Hexavalent chromium

360 minutes 120 minutes

8.5 μg/m30.5 μg/m3

4

page1image3329623472

Welding Cleaning

Hexavalent chromium

page1image3328319696page1image3328512256

300 minutes 180 minutes

10.0 μg/m30.2 μg/m3

5

page1image3368097600

Paint Booth

Xylene MEK

page1image3326777136page1image3326682096

480 minutes

24 ppm 60 ppm

6

page1image3326781712

Paint Booth/Cleaning Nozzles

1,3 butadiene

page1image3368109120page1image3368107168

15 minutes

6.0 ppm

Noise Dosimetry Data

page1image3368117264

Employee

page1image3368120976

Position

page1image3368127472

Sample Time

page1image3328519856page1image3328523488

Sample Result

page1image3328525120

1

Setting up parts for press Operating 2,000-ton press Clean-up

60 minutes 400 minutes 20 minutes

82.0 dBA 100 dBA 80.0 dBA

page1image3368142560

2

Setting up parts for press Operating 200-ton press Clean-up

page1image3368152912

30 minutes 430 minutes 20 minutes

page1image3368158240

80.0 dBA 89.0 dBA 80.0 dBA

page1image3368161296

3

Machining

page1image3368169312

480 minutes

page1image3368172560

85.5 dBA

page1image3368142944

4

page1image3368176928

Paint Booth

page1image3368183360

480 minutes

page1image3368183120page1image3329636848

80.5 dBA

page1image3329637680page1image3329639648

5

Shipping/Receiving/Forklift Driver

page1image3329648992

480 minutes

page1image3329651424

82.0 dBA

Needs help with similar assignment?

We are available 24x7 to deliver the best services and assignment ready within 3-4 hours? Order a custom-written, plagiarism-free paper

Order Over WhatsApp Place an Order Online

"Do you have an upcoming essay or assignment due?


Get any topic done in as little as 6 hours

If yes Order Similar Paper

All of our assignments are originally produced, unique, and free of plagiarism.

Stuck with a Question?

Get it solved from our top experts within 8 hrs!

Ask Your Question Now!